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Dart to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 22 October 1850, in United States, Office of Indian Affairs, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880, National Archives Microcopy 234, Roll 607 (excerpt), NADP Document D3.
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      I do not intend these remarks to apply to all the Indians west of the Cascade range: for I shall not attempt to enlighten the Commissioner at Washington on this subject, only as time will allow me to visit each tribe, and section of country occupied by them. The Chinooks claim all of the country from the mouth of the Columbia to Fort Vancouver on both sides of that river as well as that valley of the Willamette between the Cascade and coast range of mountains. There are, however, remnants of tribes, inhabiting parts of the country described, who also lay claims to such portions as they Occupy.
      As part of my business to the Calapooia Valley, was to meet Mr. W. W. Spaulding, (the only full Agent in the Territory) I delivered to him his commission, and he at once consented to act under his appointment. Since which time his bond has been executed and placed on file in this office, I have fixed his location at Scottsburg, in the Umpqua Valley, for a two fold purpose. First, that the Indians of that locality, particularly those on Rogue river, continue their hostile demonstrations towards the whites who have occasion to pass through their country.
      The appearance of Mr. Spaulding will tend

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to intimidate these Indians: he being clothed with power to chastise them or bring them to terms.
      Second, That the Government intend soon to deal with all the Indians West of the Cascade mountains for their lands. Hence the importance of establishing as early as possible, a friendly feeling among these Indians towards the people of the United States.