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Palmer to Commissioner, 27 April 1856, in United States, Office of Indian Affairs, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880, National Archives Microcopy 234, Roll 609 (excerpt), NADP Document D36.
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          The Claim of James Bruce (No 19.) – $675. for one hundred and fifty bushels of wheat, alleged to have been stolen by the "Jake's" Band of Rogue River Indians, is regarded by me as having been forfeited even if the fact of the theft be substantiated. In November 1854, whilst at Rogue River, Mr. Bruce complained to me that the Indians had stolen his wheat; I informed him that, by submitting his claim, properly authentiated, it would be acted upon in accordance with the 17th Section of the Intercourse Act of 1834, but no such claim was presented and the matter rested. On the 8th or 9th of October last I am informed Mr. Bruce was one of a party of armed men, under the Command of Mr. Lupton, who attacked this same "Jake's" band of Indians whilst on their way to the Reservation near Table Rock and Killed between twenty and thirty men, women and children. – Notwithstanding he states under oath, on the 15th of December, that "he has never taken any personal revenge."