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"Stipulations of a treaty," 10 September 1853, in United States, Office of Indian Affairs, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880, National Archives Microcopy 234, Roll 608, NADP Document D18.
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      Stipulations of a Treaty made and entered into at table Rock near Rogue River in the territory of Oregon this 10th day of September A. D. 1853 by and between Joel Palmer Superintendent of Indian affairs and Samuel H. Culver Indian Agent on the part of the United States; and Jo, Aps-er-ka-har – Principal Chief, Sam, To-qua-he-or and Jim Ana-chah-a-rah Subordinate chiefs and others head Men of the bands of the Rogue River Tribe of Indians on the part of said tribe

      Article 1st
      The Rogue River tribe of Indians do hereby cede and relinquish for the consideration hereinafter specified to the United States all their rights, title, interest and, claim, to all the lands lying in that part of the Territory of Oregon, and bounded by lines designated as follows; to wit; Commencing at a point one mile below the mouth of Applegate Creek on the south side of Rogue River; running thence southerly to the highlands dividing the waters of Applegate Creek from those of Althouse Creek, thence along said highlands to the summit of the Siskiou range of Mountains; thence easterly to Pilot Rock; thence northeasterly to the summit of the Cascade Range; thence northerly along the said Cascade Range to Pitts Peak continuing northerly to Rogues River; thence Westerly to the head Waters of Jump off Joe Creek; thence down said creek to the intersection of the same with a line due north from the place of beginning thence to the place of beginning

      Article 2nd
      It is agreed on the part of the United States that the


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aforesaid Tribe shall be allowed to ocupy temporarily that portion of the above described tract of territory bounded as follows to wit: Commencing on the north side of Rogue River at the Mouth of Evans Creek, thence up said creek to the upper end of a small Prarie having a northwesterly direction from Table Mountain on upper table Rock, thence through the gap to the south side of the Cliff of the said Mountain; thence in a line to Rogue River, striking the southern base of Lower Table Rock; thence down said River to the place of beginning. It being understood that this described tract of land shall be deemed and considered an Indian Reserve until a suitable selection shall be made by the direction of the President of the United States for their permanent Residence and buildings erected thereon, and provisions made for their Removal

      Article 3rd
      For and in consideration of the cession and relinquishment contained in article 1st the United States agree to pay to the aforesaid tribe the sum of sixty Thousand Dollars; Fifteen Thousand of which sum to be retained (acccording to the stipulations of Article 4th of a Treaty of Peace made and entered into on the 8 day of September 1853 between Genl Jo Lane commanding forces of Oregon Territory and Jo principal Chief and Sam and Jim subordinate Chiefs on the part of the Rogue River tribe of Indians); by the superintendant of Indian affairs to pay for the property of the Whites destroyed by them during the late War, the amount of property so destroyed to be estimated by three disinterested Commissioners to be appointed by the superintendant of Indian Affairs or otherwise as the President may direct. Five Thousand Dollars to be expended in the purchase of


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Agricultural impliments, Blanketts, Clothing and such other Goods as may be deemed by the Superintendant or Agent most condusive to the comfort and necessities of said tribe on or before the 1st day of September 1854; and for the payment of such permanent improvements as may have been made by land Claimants on the aforesaid Reserve, the balance of which to be asertained by three persons appointed by the Said Superintendant. The remaining Forty Thousand Dollars to be pain in sixteen equal, annual instalments of Two Thousand five Hundred Dollars each, (Commencing on or about the 1st day of September 1854) in Blankets, Clothing, farming utensils, stock and such other articles as may be deemed most condusive to the interests of said tribe

      Article 4th
      It is further agreed that there shall be erected at the expense of the United States, One dwelling House for each of these principal Chiefs of the aforeside tribe. The cost of which shall not exceed five Hundred Dollars each, the aforesaid building to be erected as soon after the ratification of this Treaty as possible, and when the tribe may be removed to another Reserve, building and other improvements shall be made on such Reserve of equal value to those which may be relinquished, and upon such Removal in addition to the before mentioned sixty Thousand the United States agree to pay the further sum of Fifteen Thousand Dollars in five equal instalments commencing at the expiration of the before named instalments

      Article 5th
      The said tribe of Indians further agree to give safe conduct to all persons who may be authorized to pass


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through their reserve, and to protect in their person and property all agents or other persons sent by the United States to reside among them, they further agree not to molest or interrupt any White person passing through their reserve

      Article 6th
      That the friendship which is now established between the United States and the Rogue River tribe of Indians shall not be interupted by the misconduct of Individuals it is hereby agreed that for injuries done by individuals no private revenge or retaliation shall take place but instead thereof complaint shall be made by the party injured to the Indian Agent and it shall be the duty of the Chiefs of the said tribe that upon complaint being made is aforesaid to deliver up the person or persons against whom the complaint is made, to the end that He or they may be punished agreeably to the laws of the United States, and in like manner if any violation, robbery, or Murder shall be Committed on any Indian or Indians belonging to said tribe, the person or persons so offending shall be tried and if found guilty shall be punished according to the laws of the United States and it is agreed that the Chiefs of the said tribe, shall to the utmost of their power exert themselves to recover Horses or other property which has or may be stolen or taken from any Citizen or Citizens of the United States by any individuals of said tribe and the property so recovered shall be forthwith delivered to the Indian Agent or other person authorised to receive the same that it may be restored to the propper owner


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and the United States hereby guarantee to any Indian or Indians of said tribe a full indemnification for any Horses or other property which may be stolen from them by any Citizen of the United States, provided that the property stolen or taken cannot be recovered and that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually stolen or taken by a Citizen of the United States, and the Chiefs and head men of the said tribe engage on the requisition or demand of the President of the United States, Superintendant of Indian affairs, or Indian Agent, to deliver up any White person or persons residing among them

      Article 7th
      This Treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracting parties as soon as the same shall have been ratified by the President of the United States by and with the advise and consent of the Senate

      In Testimony whereof the said Joel Palmer and Samuel H. Culver on the part of the United States, and the Chiefs and head men of the Rogue River Indians aforesaid have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year aforesaid

Signed in the presence of Joel Palmer
Superintendent Indian Affairs

J. W. Nesmith
R. B. Metcalf
Interpreters

J. D. Madero
T. T. Tierney
Secretaries

Joseph Lane
August V. Kautz
Witnesses

Samuel H.Culver
Indian Agent

John
Jo
      Aps-er-ka-har
Sam
      To-qua-he-ar
Lympe