CONTENTS
Published Reports (1871, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1876, 1877) and 1875 map
Allotment Data
Rogue River War and Siletz Reservation Documents
California Tribes


PUBLISHED REPORTS OF COMMISSIONERS

This collection currently includes the narrative reports of the commissioner of Indian affairs for 1871, 1872, 1874, 1875, and 1876, and three additional reports for 1871. It also includes a map of western reservations published with the 1875 report.

The 1871 report of the commissioner of Indian affairs and the report of the Board of Indian Commissioners cover about the same ground, but from slightly different angles. The commissioner was the chief administrator of the Office of Indian Affairs. The board of commissioners, made up of would-be reformers who tended to hold Protestant views, was authorized by Congress in 1869 as a watchdog that would put an end to corruption and maltreatment of Indian people. Although corruption and maltreatment continued, the board stayed in operation for sixty-four years.

There are two appendices to the board's report, one dealing with the visit to the Oglala Lakotas by the chairman of the Board of Indian Commissioners (this is the largest of the four documents in this set), and the other a brief letter from Ely S. Parker, who resigned as commissioner during the year, concerning the board's duties.

The 1871 reports have an subject index.

The collection also includes:
•  The extensive (102-page) 1872 narrative report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, which includes tables showing the reported population, number of employees, and employee compensation at seventy-seven agencies.
•  The 1873 narrative report of the commissioner of Indian affairs (23 pages).
•  The 1874 narrative report of the commissioner of Indian affairs (83 pages).
•  The 1875 narrative report of the commissioner of Indian affairs (101 pages).
•  The 1876 narrative report of the commissioner of Indian affairs (22 pages), which includes a description, with an interesting spin, of the events leading up to the destruction of Custer's detachment in Montana in that year.
•  The 1877 narrative report of the commissioner of Indian affairs (27 pages).


ALLOTMENT DATA

What were the results of allotment? This description of allotment includes links to tables of data concerning the results of allotment between 1887 and 1915.

Descriptive list of tables with links.

Alphabetical list of reservations for which specific data is given with links to the data for each.

Comparing allotment and homesteading, 1900-1915, with links to relevant tables.

Legislation:

• The Dawes Act (or General Allotment Act) of 1887, which allowed the government to order allotment at will and served as the basis of most future allotments.

• The 1891 amendment to the Dawes Act, which permitted smaller allotments.

• The Act for the Relief of the Mission Indians (1891), which expedited the loss of Indian water rights in Southern California.

• The Burke Act (1906), an amendment to the Dawes Act that effectively eliminated the twenty-five-year trust period for allotments

• The 1910 omnibus act, which deals with a number of issues arising from allotment.

Readings for further study of allotment.


ROGUE RIVER WAR AND SILETZ RESERVATION DOCUMENTS

The subject is introduced in a brief interpretive history of the Rogue River War and Siletz Reservation to 1894, with many links to the document collection. The same file also includes a short list of suggested readings.

Documents numbered through D115 are included in the subject index.

All documents are included in the chronological list of documents.


CALIFORNIA TRIBES

This is an interactive online version of the California section of the 1952 compilation of ethnographic data by John R. Swanton, The Indian Tribes of North America, with an extensive introduction. Information about native groups can be accessed by clicking on their names on two maps, one for Northern California, the other for Southern California.



















This site has been accessed
Hit Counter
times since July 11, 2000