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TABLE 6: Land and agriculture data for 113 reservations, agencies, and tribal units, 1887 and 1904, including, immediately below, units allotted prior to the Dawes Act; units which were unallotted in 1904; units on which tillable land exceeded allotted land, and units on which allotted land exceeded tillable land,
Units allotted before the General Allotment Act:
Kickapoo (Kansas)

18871904
Area (acres)202737604
Tillable land10000
Allotted land12669
Cultivated land26501000
Grains (bshls)240004000
Vegetables (bshls)9001410
Cattle60065


L'Anse, Vieux Desert, and Ontonagon Chippewa

18871904
Area (acres)552351029
Tillable land710
Allotted land54014
Cultivated land710300
Grains (bshls)1765120
Vegetables (bshls)48001585
Cattle22575


Lac Court Oreille Chippewa

18871904
Area (acres)6913611390
Tillable land1560
Allotted land57746
Cultivated land9571250
Grains (bshls)06750
Vegetables (bshls)121505400
Cattle78280


Lac du Flambeau Chippewa

18871904
Area (acres)6982426356
Tillable land30
Allotted land43558
Cultivated land30350
Grains (bshls)0200
Vegetables (bshls)5002475
Cattle032


Lummi

18871904
Area (acres)123121884
Tillable land2000
Allotted land10428
Cultivated land17601360
Grains (bshls)50007080
Vegetables (bshls)135005590
Cattle643480


Niobrara (Santee Sioux)

18871904
Area (acres)729150
Tillable land23500
Allotted land71784
Cultivated land46513000
Grains (bshls)8319628150
Vegetables (bshls)116592750
Cattle463200


Nisqualli

18871904
Area (acres)47170
Tillable land800
Allotted land4718
Cultivated land250280
Grains (bshls)700500
Vegetables (bshls)1000770
Cattle200100


Omaha

18871904
Area (acres)14234515097
Tillable land100000
Allotted land129470
Cultivated land29885000
Grains (bshls)32500143000
Vegetables (bshls)170068500
Cattle40129


Ottawa

18871904
Area (acres)148601587
Tillable land14000
Allotted land12715
Cultivated land1300470
Grains (bshls)393511970
Vegetables (bshls)12101204
Cattle80124


Port Madison

18871904
Area (acres)302242015
Tillable land230
Allotted land5269
Cultivated land13020
Grains (bshls)1000100
Vegetables (bshls)5900300
Cattle18660


Potawatomi

18871904
Area (acres)773589918
Tillable land30900
Allotted land67439
Cultivated land33004300
Grains (bshls)315005000
Vegetables (bshls)925800
Cattle1950900


Puyallup

18871904
Area (acres)18062599
Tillable land9000
Allotted land17463
Cultivated land15961600
Grains (bshls)96005200
Vegetables (bshls)1720010000
Cattle5360


Skokomish and Sklallam

18871904
Area (acres)4987276
Tillable land1200
Allotted land4714
Cultivated land326531
Grains (bshls)500315
Vegetables (bshls)33211863
Cattle177258


Snohomish or Tulalip

18871904
Area (acres)08930
Tillable land0
Allotted land13560
Cultivated land0500
Grains (bshls)00
Vegetables (bshls)03000
Cattle0400


Squaxon Island

18871904
Area (acres)14940
Tillable land100
Allotted land1494
Cultivated land500
Grains (bshls)00
Vegetables (bshls)300107
Cattle206


Swinomish

18871904
Area (acres)71701710
Tillable land600
Allotted land5460
Cultivated land300450
Grains (bshls)800023400
Vegetables (bshls)5000300
Cattle168225


Umatilla

18871904
Area (acres)26880079820
Tillable land134000
Allotted land76934
Cultivated land200007500
Grains (bshls)29200079000
Vegetables (bshls)1900013100
Cattle6004500


Winnebago (includes Wittenberg School in 1904)

18871904
Area (acres)1089242191
Tillable land100000
Allotted land106041
Cultivated land30002820
Grains (bshls)8900017100
Vegetables (bshls)11004500
Cattle125204


Units allotted after the General Allotment Act for which tillable land in 1887 exceeded land allotted by 1904, was unknown or was listed as zero:
Cheyenne and Arapaho

18871904
Area (acres)42977710
Tillable land1000000
Allotted land529683
Cultivated land2550440
Grains (bshls)81551150
Vegetables (bshls)254740
Cattle179175


Colville

18871904
Area (acres)23808601300000
Tillable landu
Allotted land50900
Cultivated land500018500
Grains (bshls)6200122400
Vegetables (bshls)1050036910
Cattle40004900


Crow Creek

18871904
Area (acres)620312112031
Tillable land432000
Allotted land172414
Cultivated land13111200
Grains (bshls)115811400
Vegetables (bshls)1070545
Cattle7003000


Digger, Paiute andPit River (64 allotments)

18871904
Area (acres)00
Tillable land0
Allotted landu
Cultivated land05
Grains (bshls)050
Vegetables (bshls)039
Cattle00


Fort Berthold

18871904
Area (acres)2912000884780
Tillable land1500000
Allotted land80340
Cultivated land1415550
Grains (bshls)112502625
Vegetables (bshls)86003048
Cattle1805160


Fort Hall

18871904
Area (acres)1202330447940
Tillable land9000
Allotted land6172
Cultivated land10073000
Grains (bshls)156858065
Vegetables (bshls)133133500
Cattle5004500


Iowa and Sauk and Fox (Oklahoma)

18871904
Area (acres)00
Tillable land0
Allotted land963
Cultivated land0750
Grains (bshls)03764
Vegetables (bshls)0846
Cattle09


Jicarilla Apache

18871904
Area (acres)416000286400
Tillable land0
Allotted land129313
Cultivated land0500
Grains (bshls)03600
Vegetables (bshls)01000
Cattle025


Kiowa Agency

18871904
Area (acres)3711903480000
Tillable landu
Allotted land596329
Cultivated land510119525
Grains (bshls)5850053840
Vegetables (bshls)4102260
Cattle666812052


Lake Traverse (Sisseton Agency)

18871904
Area (acres)9187800
Tillable land700000
Allotted land309904
Cultivated land77404500
Grains (bshls)1540031000
Vegetables (bshls)27305450
Cattle4501000


Lapwai

18871904
Area (acres)74665132020
Tillable land500000
Allotted land180370
Cultivated land343012000
Grains (bshls)1522537800
Vegetables (bshls)163002300
Cattle35003500


Mission (Pala School)

18871904
Area (acres)161402185496
Tillable land5000
Allotted land390
Cultivated land11001590
Grains (bshls)24003556
Vegetables (bshls)01070
Cattle800543


Oakland

18871904
Area (acres)907110
Tillable land75000
Allotted land11274
Cultivated land125120
Grains (bshls)3003800
Vegetables (bshls)0200
Cattle072


Oto

18871904
Area (acres)12911363419
Tillable land115000
Allotted land64936
Cultivated land424325
Grains (bshls)230062000
Vegetables (bshls)100330
Cattle12135


Papago (San Xavier)

18871904
Area (acres)027566
Tillable land0
Allotted land41623
Cultivated land01258
Grains (bshls)06300
Vegetables (bshls)0165
Cattle03600


Ponca (Oklahoma)

18871904
Area (acres)10189426328
Tillable land90000
Allotted land75043
Cultivated land10751450
Grains (bshls)150038650
Vegetables (bshls)1364485
Cattle25055


Ponca

18871904
Area (acres)960000
Tillable land0
Allotted land27202
Cultivated land4101600
Grains (bshls)484710150
Vegetables (bshls)3592180
Cattle145200


White Earth Chippewa

18871904
Area (acres)796672342029
Tillable land552960
Allotted land362593
Cultivated land57036075
Grains (bshls)98071440275
Vegetables (bshls)2824541197
Cattle13183120


Yakima

18871904
Area (acres)800000587010
Tillable land240000
Allotted land211972
Cultivated land176018000
Grains (bshls)34500128000
Vegetables (bshls)690012000
Cattle35006000


Yankton

18871904
Area (acres)4304050
Tillable land385000
Allotted land268568
Cultivated land34359407
Grains (bshls)42728122000
Vegetables (bshls)46404450
Cattle6161520


Units for which land allotted by 1904 exceeded tillable land reported in 1887:
Bois Fort Chippewa (includes Deer Creek Chippewa)

18871904
Area (acres)1316290
Tillable land25
Allotted land55508
Cultivated land25355
Grains (bshls)050
Vegetables (bshls)2000430
Cattle00


Devils Lake

18871904
Area (acres)27048092144
Tillable land46756
Allotted land135824
Cultivated land44965000
Grains (bshls)10826542660
Vegetables (bshls)22275500
Cattle77240


Eastern Shawnee (Seneca School)

18871904
Area (acres)130480
Tillable land4700
Allotted land10485
Cultivated land1860235
Grains (bshls)196606415
Vegetables (bshls)1000253
Cattle5832


Fond du Lac Chippewa

18871904
Area (acres)1001210
Tillable land600
Allotted land23284
Cultivated land156625
Grains (bshls)050
Vegetables (bshls)25253600
Cattle25140


Grand Portage Chippewa

18871904
Area (acres)518400
Tillable land25
Allotted land24191
Cultivated land2560
Grains (bshls)00
Vegetables (bshls)8602450
Cattle1330


Grand Ronde

18871904
Area (acres)61440440
Tillable land8000
Allotted land33148
Cultivated land919730
Grains (bshls)91006250
Vegetables (bshls)1450800
Cattle226556


Hupa Valley

18871904
Area (acres)11517299051
Tillable land1200
Allotted land29143
Cultivated land6251000
Grains (bshls)61409388
Vegetables (bshls)7003435
Cattle7300


Iowa

18871904
Area (acres)160000
Tillable land10000
Allotted land11769
Cultivated land26491000
Grains (bshls)4200018000
Vegetables (bshls)1700370
Cattle550220


Kansa

18871904
Area (acres)100137260
Tillable land20000
Allotted land99877
Cultivated land2095400
Grains (bshls)10008000
Vegetables (bshls)775800
Cattle32540


Klamath

18871904
Area (acres)1056000872186
Tillable land25000
Allotted land177720
Cultivated land750400
Grains (bshls)2700600
Vegetables (bshls)600200
Cattle17503000


La Pointe Chippewa

18871904
Area (acres)12433347689
Tillable land1500
Allotted land76257
Cultivated land1000850
Grains (bshls)13002000
Vegetables (bshls)106006650
Cattle125250


Leech Lake Chippewa(includes White Oak Chippewa)

18871904
Area (acres)4754540
Tillable land1000
Allotted land53454
Cultivated land150560
Grains (bshls)10005700
Vegetables (bshls)292510845
Cattle30325


Lower Brule

18871904
Area (acres)1179160200694
Tillable land773
Allotted land151856
Cultivated land730535
Grains (bshls)11010500
Vegetables (bshls)1080250
Cattle609850


Modoc

18871904
Area (acres)40400
Tillable land1000
Allotted land3976
Cultivated land44157
Grains (bshls)3200350
Vegetables (bshls)1960293
Cattle7030


Oneida (Wisconsin)

18871904
Area (acres)655400
Tillable land40000
Allotted land65402
Cultivated land27057100
Grains (bshls)4749662422
Vegetables (bshls)54049000
Cattle430821


Pawnee

18871904
Area (acres)2830200
Tillable land100000
Allotted land112860
Cultivated land20941573
Grains (bshls)3564046510
Vegetables (bshls)31001655
Cattle575260


Peoria

18871904
Area (acres)503010
Tillable land10670
Allotted land56245
Cultivated land26001740
Grains (bshls)23800600
Vegetables (bshls)1105729
Cattle700150


Quapaw

18871904
Area (acres)566850
Tillable land35000
Allotted land56245
Cultivated land5371800
Grains (bshls)490022340
Vegetables (bshls)5201495
Cattle20238


Red Cliff Chippewa

18871904
Area (acres)139330
Tillable land300
Allotted land14102
Cultivated land200554
Grains (bshls)1700
Vegetables (bshls)15701405
Cattle782


Rosebud

18871904
Area (acres)76558201616407
Tillable land566400
Allotted land1195752
Cultivated land37272400
Grains (bshls)110467200
Vegetables (bshls)76505479
Cattle250017813


Round Valley

18871904
Area (acres)10211832282
Tillable land3000
Allotted land5409
Cultivated land600500
Grains (bshls)50001950
Vegetables (bshls)17007525
Cattle02000


Sauk and Fox (Kansas)

18871904
Area (acres)8043985
Tillable land4000
Allotted land7038
Cultivated land1800400
Grains (bshls)1550012000
Vegetables (bshls)950160
Cattle1400200


Seneca

18871904
Area (acres)519580
Tillable land2731
Allotted land25822
Cultivated land26001780
Grains (bshls)8607313400
Vegetables (bshls)10012820
Cattle208390


Shawnee School

18871904
Area (acres)14904290
Tillable land125000
Allotted land313000
Cultivated land48372520
Grains (bshls)510008930
Vegetables (bshls)40502515
Cattle74961000


Siletz

18871904
Area2250003600
Tillable land6000
Allotted land47716
Cultivated land1178550
Grains (bshls)255003500
Vegetables (bshls)63506225
Cattle206350


Ute (Colorado)

18871904
Area (acres)1094400483750
Tillable land2600
Allotted land72811
Cultivated land7001300
Grains (bshls)123505850
Vegetables (bshls)1660265
Cattle160150


Warm Springs

18871904
Area (acres)464000322108
Tillable land30000
Allotted land140696
Cultivated land30002092
Grains (bshls)34809853
Vegetables (bshls)17551700
Cattle13001500


Wyandot

18871904
Area (acres)21406535
Tillable land2760
Allotted land20696
Cultivated land11930
Grains (bshls)4561710950
Vegetables (bshls)55791482
Cattle997229


Units not allotted by 1904:
Allegany

18871904
Area (acres)3046930469
Tillable land10000
Cultivated land30005700
Grains (bshls)75006300
Vegetables (bshls)43755695
Cattle4001000


Blackfeet

18871904
Area (acres)21651200960000
Tillable landu
Cultivated land182700
Grains (bshls)32003200
Vegetables (bshls)25664780
Cattle20020509


Cattaraugus

18871904
Area (acres)2168021680
Tillable land1200
Cultivated land5005800
Grains (bshls)1500014200
Vegetables (bshls)57505935
Cattle4001330


Chehalis

18871904
Area (acres)480471
Tillable land0
Cultivated land225184
Grains (bshls)14804610
Vegetables (bshls)2290886
Cattle2033


Cheyenne River

18871904
Area (acres)30130682867840
Tillable land222931
Cultivated land18901700
Grains (bshls)76253053
Vegetables (bshls)559410880
Cattle540637108


Coeur d'Alene (Colville Agency)

18871904
Area (acres)598500401480
Tillable landu
Cultivated land690020000
Grains (bshls)60100195000
Vegetables (bshls)187561300
Cattle10001200


Colorado River andFort Mojave School

18871904
Area (acres)339200240640
Tillable land30000
Cultivated land595325
Grains (bshls)7302700
Vegetables (bshls)1185130
Cattle0125


Columbia (Colville Agency)

18871904
Area (acres)41914024220
Tillable landu
Cultivated land2003550
Grains (bshls)210017100
Vegetables (bshls)11753875
Cattle400900


Crow

18871904
Area (acres)47129602354000
Tillable land2200
Cultivated land16003815
Grains (bshls)918629581
Vegetables (bshls)97854450
Cattle26004200


Duck Valley (Western Shoshoni School)

18871904
Area (acres)312320312320
Tillable land8100
Cultivated land410200
Grains (bshls)7800
Vegetables (bshls)1108125
Cattle300500


Eastern Cherokee

18871904
Area (acres)6521198211
Tillable land5000
Cultivated land21003327
Grains (bshls)1450022980
Vegetables (bshls)18003592
Cattle600817


Fort Belknap (area in 1887 in Blackfeet total)

18871904
Area (acres)-497600
Tillable land600
Cultivated land5601110
Grains (bshls)51009000
Vegetables (bshls)49508240
Cattle05500


Fort Peck (area in 1887 in Blackfeet total)

18871904
Area (acres)-1776000
Tillable land50000
Cultivated land5181000
Grains (bshls)17502500
Vegetables (bshls)326710615
Cattle2105074


Fort Apache and Phoenix School

18871904
Area (acres)01681920
Tillable land0
Cultivated land01338
Grains (bshls)010600
Vegetables (bshls)0220
Cattle01504


Havasupai and Hualpi

18871904
Area (acres)730880769280
Tillable land0
Cultivated land0240
Grains (bshls)01050
Vegetables (bshls)0210
Cattle00


Hoh, Makah, Osette and Quileute

18871904
Area (acres)2337525357
Tillable land150
Cultivated land2840
Grains (bshls)00
Vegetables (bshls)435985
Cattle0233


Hopi

18871904
Area (acres)25088002472320
Tillable landu
Cultivated land60002500
Grains (bshls)4010025000
Vegetables (bshls)30001500
Cattle3001500


Jocko

18871904
Area (acres)14336001433600
Tillable land400000
Cultivated land706328000
Grains (bshls)78265132000
Vegetables (bshls)785623070
Cattle1040028000


Lemhi

18871904
Area (acres)6400064000
Tillable land2000
Cultivated land2231346
Grains (bshls)59506275
Vegetables (bshls)17758521
Cattle5037


Mdewakanton Sioux

18871904
Area (acres)01101
Tillable land0
Cultivated land00
Grains (bshls)00
Vegetables (bshls)00
Cattle00


Menominee

18871904
Area (acres)231680231680
Tillable landu
Cultivated land12242300
Grains (bshls)1836017550
Vegetables (bshls)1950011200
Cattle167225


Mescalero Apache

18871904
Area (acres)474240474240
Tillable land340
Cultivated land2701000
Grains (bshls)60507850
Vegetables (bshls)1008000
Cattle2750


Muckleshoot

18871904
Area (acres)3367169
Tillable land750
Cultivated land22240
Grains (bshls)47400
Vegetables (bshls)57001840
Cattle6389


Navaho(includes Western Navaho School)

18871904
Area (acres)82054409442240
Tillable land35000
Cultivated land134859600
Grains (bshls)7300012320
Vegetables (bshls)16538500
Cattle20009100


New Mexico Pueblos

18871904
Area (acres)906845691805
Tillable land100000
Cultivated land100004635
Grains (bshls)6000036321
Vegetables (bshls)8001810
Cattle6001359


Northern Cheyenne

18871904
Area (acres)371200489500
Tillable land0
Cultivated land108763
Grains (bshls)1000450
Vegetables (bshls)210350
Cattle02042


Oneida

18871904
Area (acres)350350
Tillable land175
Cultivated land120365
Grains (bshls)1250260
Vegetables (bshls)855675
Cattle405


Onondaga

18871904
Area (acres)61006100
Tillable land6000
Cultivated land50003000
Grains (bshls)130009000
Vegetables (bshls)677010325
Cattle140655


Osage

18871904
Area (acres)14700591470058
Tillable land314038
Cultivated land994035000
Grains (bshls)0215000
Vegetables (bshls)06500
Cattle350025000


Pima School (Gila Bend,Gila River and Salt River)

18871904
Area (acres)496311426231
Tillable land20000
Cultivated land1000010270
Grains (bshls)1000012500
Vegetables (bshls)6600500
Cattle50003900


Pine Ridge

18871904
Area (acres)51127753155200
Tillable land400000
Cultivated land18013343
Grains (bshls)115113200
Vegetables (bshls)76506623
Cattle627823261


Pottawatomie of Huron (Mackinac Agency 1887)

18871904
Area (acres)00
Tillable land80
Cultivated land800
Grains (bshls)8400
Vegetables (bshls)6600
Cattle150


Quinaielt

18871904
Area (acres)224000224000
Tillable land1019
Cultivated land42180
Grains (bshls)00
Vegetables (bshls)40001600
Cattle6095


San Carlos Apache

18871904
Area (acres)25280001834240
Tillable land12000
Cultivated land19001285
Grains (bshls)1338910053
Vegetables (bshls)5252111
Cattle3869280


Sauk and Fox (Iowa)

18871904
Area (acres)12582965
Tillable land650
Cultivated land225690
Grains (bshls)200020500
Vegetables (bshls)7601700
Cattle011


Spokan

18871904
Area (acres)419140153600
Tillable landu
Cultivated land15004000
Grains (bshls)3150029500
Vegetables (bshls)21406945
Cattle175900


Standing Rock

18871904
Area (acres)46643042672640
Tillable land345103
Cultivated land38502080
Grains (bshls)2400041332
Vegetables (bshls)240007209
Cattle227018058


Stockbridge

18871904
Area (acres)1180311803
Tillable land7000
Cultivated land300585
Grains (bshls)32114250
Vegetables (bshls)7372280
Cattle76105


Tonawanda

18871904
Area (acres)75497549
Tillable land3000
Cultivated land10003000
Grains (bshls)148009880
Vegetables (bshls)26003655
Cattle200335


Tule River (San Jacinto School)

18871904
Area (acres)4855148551
Tillable land250
Cultivated land2202000
Grains (bshls)3801115
Vegetables (bshls)80422
Cattle20500


Turtle Mountain

18871904
Area (acres)046080
Tillable land0
Cultivated land07186
Grains (bshls)0125706
Vegetables (bshls)022560
Cattle01289


Tuscarora

18871904
Area (acres)62496249
Tillable land6000
Cultivated land50005000
Grains (bshls)125007710
Vegetables (bshls)60503955
Cattle70325


Walker River, Pyramid Lakeand Moapa River Paiutes

18871904
Area (acres)641845641815
Tillable land5000
Cultivated land2173830
Grains (bshls)88502295
Vegetables (bshls)20508779
Cattle10475


Wind River

18871904
Area (acres)23424001754960
Tillable land16000
Cultivated land2752500
Grains (bshls)272010516
Vegetables (bshls)5901055
Cattle1602305


Yuma

18871904
Area (acres)4588945889
Tillable land0
Cultivated land0100
Grains (bshls)075
Vegetables (bshls)041
Cattle025


Zuni

18871904
Area (acres)0215040
Tillable land0
Cultivated land00
Grains (bshls)016000
Vegetables (bshls)0947
Cattle0500


This table does not include the following units because of a lack of statistics for them: Five Civilized Tribes, Malheur, Uinta Valley, St. Regis, Oil Springs, Kansas Chippewa, and Munsee and Vermillion Lake, Red Lake, Mille Lac, and Isabella Chippewa.

Sources:

United States, Department of the Interior, Report of the Secretary of the Interior, v. 2 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1887) 448-75.

United States, Department of the Interior, Annual Reports of the Department of the Interior for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1900: Indian Affairs (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1900) 558-600.

United States, Department of the Interior, Annual Reports of the Department of the Interior for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1904: Indian Affairs, Part I (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1905) 544-65, 616-31.