For Exam 1

REALISM:  this term means the portrayal of things as they are seen, as they appear in reality without embellishment or interpretation.

REALISM: it may also refer to the portrayal of the everyday rather than the idealized or the beautiful.

NATIVE ART: A work of native art is not made to be merely seen. Native art does not mirror or reflect life; it is seen by the people who make it as helping to create life. Native art is not based on observation; it tries to connect processes. (power) The power of nature invoked, contact, visible and invisible forces.

trompe l' oeil which attempts to fool the eye into thinking that it is seeing the real object on a two dimensional surface.

NATIVE ART: A work of native art is not made to be merely seen. Native art does not mirror or reflect life; it is seen by the people who make it as helping to create life. Native art is not based on observation; it tries to connect processes. (power) The power of nature invoked, contact, visible and invisible forces.

SOCIALIZED VISION: The process of forming visual habits and patterns which are influenced by the culture one lives in.

REPRESENTATION: describes, depicts, portrays, imagines through language, pictures, images, gestures, actions etc.

CULTURE:  can be defined as the shared pattern of customs ideas, beliefs, images and language that unite a group..

CULTURE: includes more than just the arts. It ranges from aspects of Eveready life—clothes and entertainment, for example—to value systems, moral behavior and religious beliefs. A nation, an ethnic group, a religious community, even if is spread out, can have a culture of its own. Two cultures might share concerns and yet express them differently. Cultures can exist within cultures

LANGUAGE: is a set of signs that are organized to represent an idea.
example: a stoplight is a sign that is part of a the language of traffic control
Note: however, signs can change meaning, meaning is not fixed.

SIGNS: are anything can signify or represent an idea. signs are not just words, but can include objects gestures, actions, sounds, words,

SIGNS: are culturally relative, what they mean in the context of a particular culture.

SIGNS: are culturally relative, what they mean in the context of a particular culture.

ICON: Greek, meaning image or likeness. Icons reflect a culture's basic values, myths and history.

ICON: The term icon traditionally was associated with a culture's religious images.

Today it is not primarily associated with religious images, popular art and fine art images can be considered as icons insofar as their appearance in the mass media shapes and reflects our culture's basic values.

 

MYTH: is a cultural message. This message is conveyed through representations. is used to understand the myth. The myths get distributed in the culture.

 

MYTH: in contemporary usage, the word myth usually means a lie or a fable—something that is not true, something unscientific.

 

MYTH: A myth may or may not be true. Truth or falsity does not matter. What matters is that you are aware that a message is being conveyed and that you can read it.

 

MYTH In relation to the transmission of culture myth does not mean a lie.

A culture's myth inevitably gives an explanation of some aspect of the culture.
--Every culture has its myths.

 

VISUAL LITERACY: to be visually literate you learn the visual language of culture by learning such aspects as the forms of representations and realism, signs, icons, color symbolism, mass media images and all the  visual elements that culture invents.

 

REPRESENTATION: Three theories of

1) REFLECTIVE: The reflective theory proposes that meaning exists in the object
that is represented.
 

2) INTENTIONAL: The author or artist imposes his or her meaning in the language of the art. Intentional representation holds that the artist’s intention is the only meaning of the work. It is not ambiguous. (like a  lot contemporary art).
This term is an older term, not used much today.

 

3) CONSTRUCTIVE: Is the opposite of reflective; The objects that are represented

do not have any intrinsic meaning. The meaning they have in the representation is constructed from the culture and from personal experience.

--There are as many meanings as there are people who experience the art. 

--But through a set of codes or language, we construct shared meanings.

 

Example of CONSTRUCTIVE: Blue jeans, what meaning can be constructed from blue jeans. They are a sign of casual lifestyle, macho, sexy, grung (when torn up). The meaning is constructed through the set of cultural codes that have come to be associated with blue jeans.

 

TWO WAYS TO INTERPRET

 

DENOTATION:  is a physical description or representation of an object.

 

CONNOTATION:  when you are looking at a representation, the connotative

meaning involves what possible meanings are represented.

 

example Denotation and Connotation

Denotation: the painting is of fabrics spread across a table top, done in warm colors.

Denotation: abundant, expensive fabric is a sign of wealth, the connotative

meaning is gotten from observing and reading the cultural codes.

 

IMAGE: An image is a sight which has been recreated or reproduced.

 

PERSPECTIVE: The method in art of creating an impression of spatial depth, creating the illusion of three dimension on a two-dimensional surface.

 

PERSPECTIVE: arranges the ideal view in which the viewer is at the center of the world.

Two kinds of perspective:

 

LINEAR PERSPECTIVE: involves a system of lines that converge at “vanishing points”—those places in the distance at which objects seem to disappear.  The lines are diagonals, based on the principle that two parallel lines (reminiscent of railroad tracks) will appear to get closer together as they go off into the distance and to meet eventually at the vanishing point.

 

ATMOSPHERIC PERSPECTIVE: involves making objects off in the distance less distinct, less in focus, in imitation of the eye’s difficulty in seeing details accurately at distances.

 

 

 

 

Two forms of representation that replaced perspective:

 

1) IMPRESSIONISM: involved with depicting the fluctuating, fugitive views we have of reality there is no center of the world in impressionism

 

2) CUBISM: proposes not a single point of ideal perspective, but a multiplicity of views of a scene.

 

AVANT-GARDE     embodies the Western myth of individualism

Avant-garde literally means “advance guard,” the scouting party in a military campaign that explores the unkown territory ahead of the main body of troops.

Artists in the role of

 

AVANT-GARDE, on the front lines of exploration, vision, political views, art itself.

The tradition of the avant-garde continues today, from the 19th century when it was first used to describe artists activities and experimentation.

 

 

 

 

pictograph

aesthetics

epic

Culture

Story

Allegory

myth

legend

folklore

oral culture

literate culture

triun brain

museum

hyroglyps

figure of speech