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Japanese American
Internment in
San Diego

The bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 was a significant moment in history; not only because it changed the art of warfare and forced the United States into World War II, but it had a direct impact on civil liberties within its own country.

While the United States began to deploy to Europe, to fight with its Allies, the government was enacting its own racially motivated policies by establishing internment camps with the signing of Executive Order 9066.

Those living on the West Coast with Japanese ancestry were stripped of their rights and ordered to rid themselves of all property. They were sent to internment camps for the duration of the war. This order not only affected those with Japanese ancestry, but affected states, such as California, and changed cities like San Diego socially and economically forever.

This is a vast topic and I do not imagine to cover it all. Rather, I will propose some of the broader implications of Japanese internment on San Diego and focus on four questions: How were the eradication of civil liberties of persons with Japanese ancestry permitted in the United States? Where were the internment camps located and what were their conditions? What were some of the media representations of persons with Japanese ancestry? What trades and industry did persons with Japanese ancestry obtain in San Diego after the war?

Executive Order 9066 Poster

Executive Order 9066:

*President Franklin D. Roosevelt

*Congress

*War Department

 

Map of Western States

 

Geography:

*Map of Japanese American Relocation Camp Locations

*Map of Poston Relocation Camp

 

Newspaper

Media and Internment:

* San Diego Union

* Daily Times-Advocate

Ben Segawa

 

Oral History:

Ben Segawa

 

Flag

Local Economic Issues:

* War Relocation Commission

* Job Opportunities

* Neighborhoods

* Land Exchange

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United States & World Timelines

 

 

Email:

kinde007@csusm.edu

Contact Bekka Kinder

California State University, San Marcos

Graduate student in Master of Arts Degree in History

Did you know?

Approximately 120,000 Japanese nationals and Japanese Americans were forced into relocation camps after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.